Microsoft has been working with a Chinese military-run university on artificial intelligence research that could be used for surveillance and censorship. Three papers, published between March and November last year, were co-written by academics at Microsoft Research Asia in Beijing and researchers with affiliations to China’s National University of Defense Technology (NUDR), which is controlled by China’s top military body, the Central Military Commission. Samm Sacks, a senior fellow at the New America think-tank and a China tech policy expert, said the papers raised “red flags because of the nature of the technology, the author affiliations, combined with what we know about how this technology is being deployed in China right now”. “The [Chinese]government is using these technologies to build surveillance systems and to detain minorities [in Xinjiang],” she added. The US government is currently debating whether research collaborations, particularly in sensitive areas such as artificial intelligence and augmented reality, should be subject to harsher export controls. Adam Segal, director of cyber space policy at the Council on Foreign Relations, a think tank, said: “US-China ac...